For more examples see List of 20th-century classical composers. Contemporary classical music can be understood as belonging to the period that started in the mids to early s, which includes modernist , postmodern , neoromantic , and pluralist music.
Many composers working in the early 21st century were prominent figures in the 20th century. For more examples see List of 21st-century classical composers. For centuries, instrumental music had either been created by singing, or using mechanical music technologies , such as drawing a bow across a string that is strung on a hollow instrument or plucking taut gut or metal strings string instruments , constricting vibrating air woodwinds and brass or hitting something to make rhythmic sounds percussion instruments.
In the early twentieth century, electronic devices were invented that were capable of generating sound electronically, without an initial mechanical source of vibration. As early as the s, composers such as Olivier Messiaen incorporated electronic instruments into live performance. While sound recording technology is often associated with the key role it played in enabling the creation and mass marketing of popular music , new electric and electronic sound recording technology was used to produce art music, as well.
In the years following World War II , some composers were quick to adopt developing electronic technology. In the s the film industry also began to make extensive use of electronic soundtracks. In addition, folk music was also borrowed by composers in other genres. Some of the work of Aaron Copland clearly draws on American folk music.
Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music , and a related genre of country music. Influenced by the music of Appalachia ,  Bluegrass has mixed roots in Irish , Scottish , Welsh , and English  traditional music, and was also later influenced by the music of African-Americans  through incorporation of jazz elements.
Settlers from the United Kingdom and Ireland arrived in Appalachia during the 18th century, and brought with them the musical traditions of their homelands. These traditions consisted primarily of English and Scottish ballads —which were essentially unaccompanied narrative—and dance music, such as Irish reels , which were accompanied by a fiddle. Several Appalachian bluegrass ballads, such as " Pretty Saro ", " Barbara Allen ", " Cuckoo Bird " and " House Carpenter ", come from England and preserve the English ballad tradition both melodically and lyrically.
In bluegrass, as in some forms of jazz, one or more instruments each takes its turn playing the melody and improvising around it, while the others perform accompaniment ; this is especially typified in tunes called breakdowns. This is in contrast to old-time music , in which all instruments play the melody together or one instrument carries the lead throughout while the others provide accompaniment.
Breakdowns are often characterized by rapid tempos and unusual instrumental dexterity and sometimes by complex chord changes. There are three major subgenres of bluegrass and one unofficial subgenre. Traditional bluegrass has musicians playing folk songs, tunes with simple traditional chord progressions, and using only acoustic instruments, with an example being Bill Monroe.
Examples include Cadillac Sky and Bearfoot. A newer development in the bluegrass world is Neo-traditional bluegrass; exemplified by bands such as The Grascals and Mountain Heart , bands from this subgenre typically have more than one lead singer. Bluegrass music has attracted a diverse following worldwide. Bluegrass pioneer Bill Monroe characterized the genre as: " Scottish bagpipes and ole-time fiddlin'. It's Methodist and Holiness and Baptist. It's blues and jazz , and it has a high lonesome sound.
At the same time, the neoclassicism that became fashionable in the s is represented by Stravinsky's opera buffa Mavra and his opera-oratorio Oedipus Rex Later in the century his last opera, The Rake's Progress , also marks the end of the neoclassical phase of his compositions.
It deals with the subject of mortality through irony and collage. The relationship particularly, the relative value of classical music and popular music is a controversial question. Richard Middleton writes:. Neat divisions between "folk" and "popular", and "popular" and "art", are impossible to find Old Time Herald , vol. USA Arkansas. USA ; Arkansas , Kentucky. ADae tuning. The figures for the dance to this tune, but not the tune, appear in the Menzies manuscript contained in the Atholl Collection of the Sandeman Library, Perth.
The title perhaps dates to the gold rush in Georgia before the settlement of Gordon County in approx. There are three distinct fiddle tunes that have been identified with this title.
The tune was used in in a Gallatin Tenn. Wolfe, The Devil's Box , vol. Cauthen finds reference to a Georgia fiddler, Ben Smith, who served with the 12th Alabama Infantry in the Civil War, and was known to have played the tune in that conflict.
She also cites A. Moore in his History of Alabama who said it was one of the standard tunes in the square dance fiddler's repertoire.
Source for notated version: Ruthie Dornfeld Seattle [Phillips]. Songer Portland Collection. County , "The Skillet Lickers, vol. American, Reel.
USA , southwestern Pa. Bayard identifies this tune as a composite with an 'A' part from British Isles tradition, attached to a 'B' part newly composed. Lassie, Art Thou Sleeping Yet ," and suggests they are all part of a "moderate sized tune family of perhaps some respectable antiquity" i. Title appears in Henry Robson's list of popular Northumbrian song and dance tunes "The Northern Minstrel's Budget" , which he published c. Source for notated version: Cyril Stinnett Mo.
Phillips Traditional American Fiddle Tunes, vol. Bayard identifies this as "one of the three or four" tunes universally known by Pennsylvania folk musicians. The melody is usually known as "Wake Up Susan" or "Hell on the Wabash " and it is sometimes found with other parts; Bayard is not sure if this means the tunes with different titles are "divergently evolving cognate tunes" or the result of trading strains or "otherwise infecting one another.
Unrelated to versions 1 and 3. Source for notated version: Boden fiddler from Pa. Supposedly this was a popular fife tune among the inhabitants of the Wabash environs the Wabash is a river in central and western Indiana. American, Breakdown. American Veteran Fifer , Cole fiddle Tunes , ; pg. Kerr Merry Melodies , vol. Fife , ; pg. T:Hell on the Wabash . T:Hell On the Wabash. Z:Nigel Gatherer. C Major. Source for notated version: Armin Barnett [Phillips].
USA , West Virginia. The source, Oscar Wright, could recall nothing of the tune's background. USA , north Georgia. Originally recorded by north Georgia fiddler and showman John Carson and his Virginia Reelers in the 's. Composed by Ralph Miller. AKA and see " Allo, Quebecoises. The tune and its variants are widespread over England and Wales.
It is an ancient market town and was first granted its charter in the year Helston was one of the ancient coinage towns where ingots of Welsh tine were assayed and stamped to assess the duty to be paid to the Duke of Cornwall during the process a corner, or coign , was cut off to be tested for quality.
In early times Helston was a port town at the head of the Cober estuary, but around the 13 th century it began to silt up until nowadays a great shingle bank has formed across the estuary making the largest freshwater lake in Cornwall. The Furry Dance takes place on the 8 th of May, when the first greenery of spring appears and the town is decorated with bluebells and hazel, among others. It takes the form of a dignified procession with separate dances for adults and children.
Carlin Master Collection , ; No. Raven English Country Dance Tunes , ; pg. Originally recorded T:Helston Furry Dance.
USA , Arkansas. In the repertoire of Lon Jordan of Farmingham , Arkansas. Source for notated version: Argel Kaufman [Phillips]. AKA — Helvic Grove. See also listings at:. T: Helvic Head. S: Treoir. Z: Transcribed by Bill Black. Q: R: jig. Scottish, Air. This worksong is from the Hebrides Islands in northern Scotland. The air appears in John Gay's Begger's Opera under the title "The first time at the looking glass.
There was a London gentlewoman,. And she did desire his company,. It was a popular country dance tune throughout the 18 th century. Aird Selections , vol. Fiddlehead violin in lesson format. Sheet music, melody only. Melody and mandoln tab. Sheet music with melody and banjo tab.
John Hartford on fiddle, with Hamilton Ironworks. Velocipede fiddle and mandoline. Transcription of John Hartford tune. Melody only. Transcription with melody and chords. JOn Bekoff : old time fiddle version. Don and Ed as a banjo duet. They recommend DDAD tuning for fiddles. John Doyle as an Irish air. Sheet music from Cecil Sharp book , E Aeolian. Well I married me a wife, Gave me trouble all my life. Ran me out in the cold rain and snow. Rain and Snow Well she came down the stairs, Combing back her long held hair.
And her cheeks were as red as a rose As a rose And her cheeks were as red as a rose. Well I did all I could do. To try and get along with you. And I'm not gona be treated this way. This a way, oh Lord I'm not gonna be treated this way.
Well she came into the room Where she met her fatal doom. And I'm not gonna be treated this way. This a way, Oh Lord Ran me out into the cold rain and snow.
Michael Garvin. Old Time Gathering. Ben Townsend. Fiddle tuned AEAE. Red State Ramblers , two fiddles, guitar, banjo. Owen Snake Chapman fiddle solo. The Tillers with two fiddles. Sail Away Ladies Kenny Baker fiddle tune. Fiddle tune in lesson format. Sheet music: melody and chords in G. Bruce Molsky on fiddle. ADAE version.
Sally Ann sheet music a la Bruce Molsky in G with melody and chords. Sheet Music , melody only. Sally Gooden G. Grayon plays and sings Sally Goodin. Clark Kessinger on fiddle. Clawhammer Banjo version. John Cockman , several different versions. David Bragger , fiddle only. Trio mandolin, banjo, cello. Joe Greene , fidde player, with guitar and banjo. Sheet music , chords, melody and tab. Doc Watson , banjo, vocals. Sandy Boys A mixolydian Clawhammer banjo version in A.
String band, fiddle cross-tuned to AEAE. Edden Hammons solo. Carolina Chocolate Drops. Fast and good. Fiddle, guitar, banjo trio. Sheet music: Melody and chords. Great accordian solo. Shady Grove Neverisky solo banjo.
Jerry Garcia , guitar and mandolin, with vocals. Peter Rowan and Tony Rice. Paul Tyler on fiddle. Fiddle by or collected by Alan Jabbour. Sheet music with melody and chords on Wikipedia. It appears in nearly every sizable collection of fiddle tunes from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, usually classed as a reel or country dance, and it has passed into circulation on continental Europe.
The three eighth notes at the end of many of the phrases in printed sets suggest that the tune may originally have been conceived as a hornpipe, but in America, at least, it is generally used for reels, square dances, and other group dances Byard Ray plays an unusual version.
Squirrel Hunters John Hartford fiddle with string band. Starts at about Mandolin with string band backup. John Hartford fiddle lesson format. Melody with both notes and tab. No chords. Sheet Music with chords. Sheet Music A Dorian. Tater Patch A Mixolydian Banjo, fiddle and guitar. Fiddle and Banjo. Relatively straightforward.. Lively kick-ass fiddle solo ala Tommy Jarrell by Michael Ismerio. The Bailers, two fiddles, banjo, guitar, bass. Sheet music with melody, chord and dulcimer notation.
The tune appears om Elizabeth Rogers' virginal book. Winstock , pg. The cadence is supposed to express the sound 'ding down Tantallon'. If that story cannot be substantiated, however, it is undisputable that the melody was the march of the Scots Brigade, a unit which fought with distinction for the Protestant cause during the Thirty Years Wars, first in the service of Denmark, then under the Swedish monarch, Gustavus Adolphus.
Appears in Winstock Songs and Music of the Redcoats , The Scots Measure form has an eight-bar phrase structure and emphasizes the first three beats of the bar, with the phrase beginning on the upbeat. Emmerson explains that in certain bars the second and third beats are frequently stressed by use of the same note, and the phrase usually ends in the repetition of three same notes for emphasis.
MacLennan, in his Highland and Traditional Dances of Scotland describes it as 'a pleasing type of dance tune to which was danced a Twosome or Twasome Strathspey, and in this form the Highland Schottische evolved'.
Music Book c. English Scottish? Scottish music enjoyed a vogue in London for some time. T:Scots Rant. S:Playford — English Dancing Master A4A2 d4e2 e2f4 e4d2 e2f4 e4d2 e2f4 B4A2 B2d2d2 d4z Source for notated version: Jack O'Connor Hebert.
Kidson says the tune comes from "remote antiquity;" it was said to have been played at the battle of Bannockburn. A standard version of this tune set as a schottische appears in the music manuscript copybook of John Burks, dated , who was probably from the north of England.
T:Scots Wha Hae. Killoran emigrated to New York from near Ballymote, County Sligo, in , settled in the Bronx, recorded, played and owned a bar. Colclough Tutor for the Irish Union Pipes , c. Z:Transcribed by Rick Gagne. Composed by Allan MacFarlane. He died around and is buried at the cemetery at Christmas Island, Cape Breton settled largely by immigrants from Barra, Scotland.
Shears Gathering of the Clans Collection, vol. USA, Missouri. Source Driver was an African-American fiddler from whom Bob Christeson collected a number of tunes in the mid th century. Christeson Old Time Fiddlers Repertory, vol. Phillips Traditional American Fiddle Tunes , ; pg. Composed by the famous Scots violinist and composer J.
Scott Skinner Skinner The Scottish Violinist , pg. T:Scott Skinner. C:Scott Skinner. Scottish, Marching Air. Composed by J. Scott Skinner in honor of Dr. The march has become quite popular, according to Christine Martin Hunter Fiddle Music of Scotland , ; No. Martin Traditional Scottish Fiddling , ; pg. Skinner The Scottish Violinist , with variation , pg. B:Skinner — The Scottish Violinist.
A Mixolydian. The title refers to a specific dance step, the Rocking Step of the Highland Fling. However, Nigel Gatherer notes that in 18 th century Scotland a "rocking" was the Lowland equivalent of the Highland "ceilidh", and thus a rocking step could mean a more idiosyncratic dance step performed at a ceilidh. Play four time sthrough with great force.
This will be the leading. Learn this tune as I want to associate it with the. Reel o'Tulloch and Highland Fling. Skinner included, below the music in his manuscript copy, verses by William Martin:. Fiddler tune your strings aright.
And play a strain of mirth and might,. Glide gaily through the Reel. To right, to left, and round about. With nimble foot they wheel. Still louder peals the strain on high,. And forces the fire in cheek and eye,. The flounces flout, the ribbons fly. Like pennons in the gale;. Black Care the blinking one has fled,. Or if he dare to lift his head. Beneath their feet they? And laugh to hear his wail.
Skinner Harp and Claymore , ; pg. See also listing at:. T:Scott Skinner' Rockin' Step. C:James Scott Skinner.
Z:Nigel Gatherer. The tune was recorded in Atlanta by the Scottdale String Band, named in honor of the mill village of Scottdale, near Atlanta, and home to the band members Wayne W. Their first recording was made for the OKeh studios on October 28, , and between that date and the group recorded nearly thirty sides all but two—released by Paramount—for OKeh. Canadian, Hornpipe. Stevens Massif Central , , vol. Stevens Massif Central , vol.
Composed by Mazou Heintzen. G major. Traditional tune from central France. Composed by Gilles Chabenat. Published by John Playford in Apollo's Banquet Although "Scottish Jig" was used in the 18th century to describe a class of tunes like "The Campbell's are Coming" that we recognize as jigs today, there was an actual dance called the Scots Jig, taught in 18th century Edinburgh dance schools, according to Emmerson The dance to be performed was the old Scots Jigg, in which you.
The choice of the tune was. Merrily danced the Quaker's wife,. And merrily danced the Quaker. My partner danced admirably, and I like one who was determined,. Composed by Nathaniel Gow T:Scottish Legacy, The. Source for notated version: "from an old MS. Head" of Cork Joyce. The tune under this title was from J. Playford included it in his Musick's Recreation under the name "Montrose's March," as did Oswald in his Curious Collection of See " Scots Measure.
AKA and see " Nancy Dawson . Composed in by Aberdeenshire fiddler and composer J. Murdoch Henderson , dedicated to R. Cahill, manager of The Playhouse, Aberdeen. Henderson Flowers of Scottish Melody , A combination of a "Scottish" and a "Valse". Stevens Massif Central , ; No. III Baltimore, Streams Videos All Posts. Genre Keyboard Classical. Period Post-Romantic. Comp Date - Avg Duration Share on facebook twitter tumblr.
Complete Excerpt. Iberia y Francia. Imogen Cooper. Alexander Boyd. Claudio Arrau. Sony Classical. Daniel Barenboim. Warner Classics. El Amor y la Muerte. Sebastian Stanley. Ralph Votapek. Blue Griffin Recording. Spanish Piano Music. Cristina Ortiz.The “Illinois Old Time Fiddlers” have raised $2, for this year’s event but need another $1, to finance the contest totally since there has not been hardly any sponsors for the contest in the last few years. They will be selling “name recognition” in this year’s program booklets for those who want to donate $10 to help support.