Editor Daniel Van Gilst. Editor Hans Ferdinand Redlich Vienna: Universal Edition , Plate U. Arranger Luigi Torri This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project. Arranger Michael Stenov. Arranger Jaap Wiebes. Monteverdi, Claudio. Pope Paul V Camillo Borghese, — These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Necessary Always Enabled.
Cassian says the Office was recited towards five or six o'clock and that all the lights were lit. The use of incense, candles, and other lights would seem to suggest the Jewish rites which accompanied the evening sacrifice Exodus ; Numbers ; Psalm ; Daniel ; 1 Chronicles It may thus be seen that the Lucernarium was, together with Vigil, the most important part of the Offices of the day, being composed of almost the same elements as the latter, at least in certain regions.
Its existence in the fourth century is also confirmed by St. Augustine , St. Ambrose , St. Basil , St. Ephraem , and, a little later, by several councils in Gaul and Spain , and by the various monastic rules.
In the sixth century the Office of Vespers in the Latin Church was almost the same as it has been throughout the Middle Ages and up to the present day. In a document of unquestionable authority of that period the Office is described as follows: The evening hour, or vespertina synaxis , is composed of four psalms , a capitulum , a response, a hymn , a versicle, a canticle from the Gospel , litany Kyrie eleison, Christe eleison , Pater with the ordinary finale, oratio , or prayer, and dismissal Regula Sancti Benedicti , xvii.
The psalms recited are taken from the series of psalms from Pss. This disposition is almost the same as that of the " Ordo Romanus ", except that the number of psalms recited is five instead of four. They are taken, however, from the series to Here, too, we find the capitulum , versicle, and canticle of the " Magnificat ".
The hymn is a more recent introduction in the Roman Vespers; the finale litanies, Pater , versicles, prayers seems all to have existed from this epoch as in the Benedictine cursus. Vesper time varied according to the season between the tenth hour 4 p. As a matter of fact it was no longer the evening hour, but the sunset hour, so that it was celebrated before the day had departed and consequently before there was any necessity for artificial light Regula S.
Benedicti , xli. This is a point to be noted, as it was an innovation. Before this epoch this evening synaxis was celebrated with all the torches alight. The reason of this is that St Benedict introduced in the cursus, another hour—that of Compline —which was prescribed to be celebrated in the evening, and which might be considered as a kind of doubling of the Office of Lucernarium.
As has already been remarked, the institution of the office of compline transformed the lucernarium by taking from it something of its importance and symbolism, the latter at the same time losing its original sense.
Benedict called it only Vespera , the name which has prevailed over that of lucernarium cf. Ducange, " Glossarium med. The Gallican liturgy , the Mozarabic Liturgy , and, to a certain extent, the Milanese , have preserved the lucernarium cf. The Eastern Orthodox Church retains the " Lumen hilare " and some other traces of the ancient lucernarium in the offices of vespers and compline cf.
Smith, "Dict. Office, Divine. In the Rule of St. Columbanus , dated about , Vespers still has twelve psalms, amongst which are Pss. Celtique , The " Antiphonary of Bangor ", a document of Irish origin, gives for vespers Ps. For modifications since the 12th century, cf. The decree " Divino afflatu " November 1, involves important changes in the old Roman Rite office.
There is an entire rearrangement of the psalms see Reform of the Roman Breviary by Pope Pius X with new ones appointed for each day of the week. On feasts which are doubles of the second class and a fortiori of the first class, as well as on feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary , the Holy Angels, and Apostles , the psalms are proper to the feast as heretofore.
On all feasts, of whatever rite, the second part of vespers, that is, the capitulum , hymn , antiphon of the " Magnificat ", is taken from the Sanctorale. The office of Vespers in general use before continues to be used today by those adhering to the Roman Rite as in or to earlier versions. The structure of Vespers prior to is as follows:. Notwithstanding the changes brought about in the course of time, Vespers still remains the great and important Office of the evening.
As already pointed out, it recalls the sacrificium vespertinum of the Old Law. Files are protected with bit SSL encryption and automatically deleted after 2 hours. It is compatible with a wide range of devices and operating systems, using a codec to compress file size, resulting in a file that is easy to manage and store.
It is also a popular video format for streaming over the Internet, such as on YouTube. Many consider MP4 to be one of the best video formats available today. MP4 files open in the operating system's default video player. Simply double-clicking the file opens it.December 12th: Our Lady of Guadalupe: AT THE HOURS: Matins, Lauds, Sext, Vespers: December 3rd: First Week of Advent: Thursday: AT VESPERS. Celebration of the Year of the Priest for the Diocese of Tulsa: Baptism of the Lord: AT II VESPERS: Psalm and antiphon: Baptism of the Lord: Sunday: at II VESPERS: for the Cathedral Church of St. Michael.